Resettlement of the McCallum Area

McCallum benefited greatly from the resettlement program in that a lot of their residents moved there from other communities.

McCallum is a fishing community near a western entrance on the south coast of west of Bay d= Espior. McCallum is sheltered from all the wind the islands that did this was the Taylor, Poole, and Daniel Islands. McCallum was originally known as Bonne Bay because its early history when french fishermen from St. Pierre and Miquelon begin visiting the area in 1500's. The community was renamed McCallum in the first decade of this century, after Henry Edward McCallum, governor of Newfoundland from 1898 to 1901. Permanent settlement, however, did not begin in McCallum until the end of Seven Years= War. For the most part, this relocation occurred to the westward is along the south coast, as the suitable eastern locations are already occupied. Newfoundland=s first Censeus was taken in 1836, Bonne Bay reported a population of 63 and was one of the largest settlements in the area the time. In 1869 report to the Newfoundland House of Assembly noted that Bonne Bay had about 30 families carrying on the cod fishery all year round ; also salmon in small quantities, and sold to traders. By 1891 there was a population of 121 people but in 1901 it had dropped to 63 people, the people who moved went to nearby coves. By the early 1900's a business way operated by the name of Jude Nash. In a few years time the population of McCallum began to increase again, with 82 people living there by 1911. Unlike people in most other communities in the area, McCallum=s residents, except for four families, refused to leave and, with more people resettled there, the population jumped from 88 in 1945 to 190 in 1961.Children attended St. Peter=s All-Grade School, operated by Bay d= Espoir Integrated School Board. Principal family names there in 1990 were Chapman, Durnford, Feaver, Fudge, Poole, Riggs, Simms and Wellman.

Here are links to some resettled communities around McCallum.

I would like to thank some very valuable resources that were helpful in making this project happen.  I would like the thank Sarah Fudge, Mary Fudge, Hartley Durnford, Jim Fudge, and  Maise Fudge for allowing themselves to be interviewed.  I would also like to thank them for their pictures.  Thanks to Ron Skinner who took us in boat to view the resettled communities and most of all I would like to thank the students who put this together.  They are Jonathan Feaver, Samantha Nash, Brandon Skinner, Jill Piercey, Ashley Fudge, Devon Strickland, and Jeanette Piercey.   I would also like to acknowledge the sources of the Encyclopedia of Newfoundland, and the website www.cheuctos.ns.ca for their contributions to our research.

Pushthrough

Muddy Hole

Indian Cove

Locks Cove

Richard's Harbour

Great Jervais

Mosquito

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